February 5, 2023


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Conventional Loan First-time Home Buyer: What You Need To Know 

It’s not easy for a first-time home buyer to navigate the housing market. In the end, you may be afraid of making unexpected mistakes because there are many processes, activities, and prerequisites to meet. Several incentives are available to first-time homebuyers to entice more people to enter the market and buy their first house.

There are many options available when financing the purchase of a new home. Among the options available to you are conventional mortgage loans. Discover the many sorts of conventional loans, their advantages, and how to apply for one. 

What is a Conventional Loan?

Private lenders issue conventional loans that the government does not guarantee. In the United States, they’re the most popular financing for first-time homebuyers. Conventional loans can be used to purchase many properties, making them a valuable option for many buyers. 

You can get a conventional loan to buy a first home, a second home, or even a rental property and pay it off over time. You can use a conventional home loan to buy a single-family residence, condominium, or townhouse.

On the other hand, government-backed loans tend to have more lenient credit and down payment requirements for select borrowers. As a result, the interest rates and costs for people with less-than-perfect credit may be higher. There is no one-size-fits-all answer when it comes to mortgages.

Common Types of Conventional Mortgage Loans

Two types of loans are available to first-time homebuyers: conforming and nonconforming.

Conforming Loan

A Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac-approved mortgage is known as a conforming loan. Investors such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac buy the loans that conforming lenders have underwritten and funded. Conforming loans typically have lower interest rates than nonconforming loans due to the availability of their funds and regulatory requirements.

You must meet the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loan restrictions to qualify for a typical Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac loan. The single-family conventional loan limit for 2022 is $647,200. High-cost places like the U.S. Virgin Islands, Hawaii,  Alaska, Guam, and the Alaska Peninsula are exempt from this restriction.

Nonconforming loan

Those mortgages that don’t match the criteria for a conforming loan are referred to as nonconforming loans. A “Jumbo loan” is defined as a loan over the area’s maximum lending limit, but loans might be nonconforming for other reasons.

Nonconforming loans have a significantly broader range of financing options than conforming loans. If you’re considering a nonconforming mortgage, keep in mind that interest rates are typically higher than those for conforming loans. Nonconforming loans may have a shorter application procedure and require less documentation than conventional loans.

Conventional Loan First-time Home Buyer Requirements

What ideal home loan depends on your financial situation when applying for a mortgage. If you apply for a conventional loan, you will be asked to provide documentation of your income and assets.

A first-time buyer hasn’t bought or co-owned a home in the last three years. Buying a house for the first time still necessitates meeting the qualifications set forth by the lending institution. Based on this information, the lender will decide whether or not to give you a loan. 


A minimum down payment of a 3% conventional loan first-time home buyer on a typical mortgage is feasible. When it comes to down payment requirements, it all depends on your financial status and the sort of loan or property you’re applying for.

Credit Score

A typical mortgage usually demands a credit score of 620 or higher from the borrower. A credit score of at least 700 is required to qualify for the best offers.

Debt-to-income ratio

The percentage of your monthly earnings that goes toward paying off debt is your debt-to-income ratio (DTI). In order to figure out your DTI, simply take your gross monthly income and divide it by the total of all of your monthly debt payments.

Stable Income

Lenders may be more willing to accept a conventional loan minimum down payment if they see a history of steady employment and a high income compared to the amount you’re borrowing.


Lenders may also be interested in proof that you can afford the down payment, closing expenses, and additional costs associated with homeownership, such as property taxes and insurance. Your bank and investment account statements can be required by the lender. People who give you money to put down a deposit on a house may be required to send a letter to the lender explaining why they are doing so.

After that, if you’re qualified, the lender will begin the underwriting process, including a more thorough screening of potential borrowers. From beginning to end, a conventional loan typically takes 45 to 60 days to close.